Another info dump about the language of those weird South American dragons. This post is about the pronouns, some verbs and actions; The next post probably will be the writing system one.
Before understanding pronouns, we need to understand gender... grammatical gender, which doesn't [need to] have connection with social/personal gender, it's more of a classification of things that the people felt should be implied by language.
- qarit - a non-living entity, an object (example: rocks, clouds, cups)
- seriv - a living being in general but generally implies things that can't think (plants, fungus, simple animals)
- sernit - a living being capable of thought (animals with a brain)
- sernem - a living being capable of complex/civilized thought (some dragons, theoretically humans)
So, going for the pronouns
|as subject||as object|
|2nd||(s) vou (p) vouh||(s) vodó (p) vodós|
|1st + 2nd||minud||:same as subject||only singular|
|3rd||(qarit) kerit- (seriv) sif- (sernit + sernem) seir-||:same as subject||read below for more info, only singular|
The (third person) pronouns are specially used to refer to previously cited things, so they mark which thing they are referring to in their specific gender.
- sa - last cited thing
- si - second last
- se - third last
- no - fourth thing
for things 'older' than these, say it again (if it's a long compound or with many adjectives, you can just say the first noun)
In the example:
John said 'seirsa' likes trees, dogs and mushrooms, I like 'seirsa' too, Sam likes 'sifsi'.
seriv: "trees", "mushrooms"; sernem + sernit: John, dogs
So it would mean: John said John likes trees, dogs and mushrooms, I like dogs too, Sam likes trees.
- ne - it's "and", specific for the subjects/objects, keeps the individual nouns as separate things
- nej - same as 'ne', but joins the nouns into a single thing
When joining as a single thing, the resulting thing has the lowest of person of its parts:
- min + (3rd person) - 1st person ("me and them")
- vou + (3rd) - 2nd person ("you and them")
- minud - 1st person ("me and you")
- minud + (3rd) - 1st person ("me, you and them")
- (3rd) + (3rd) - 3rd person ("they and them")
When joining any living beings, the resulting thing is a
seriv, beings and objects
seriv, objects only
Sam 'ne' the car are here, 'keritsa' is cool. keritsa = the car
Sam 'nej' the car is here, 'sifsa' is cool. sifsa = Sam and the car
Yes, I know this got quite unnecessarily complex really quickly.
Conjugation and acting on self
Verbs are always conjugated, a conjugated verb is the base word + the conjugation for its person.
|2nd||(s) -tou (p) -toun||(s/p) -totu|
|3rd||(s/p) -ore||(s/p) -olto|
If the base word ends with a vowel, merge them with the rule
- -e + e- = -a-
- -o + o- = -u-
- -? + e- = -e-
- -? + o- = -o-
- -? + t- = -?nt-
pisdi + ein - pisdein
xokró + totu - xokróntotu
The when 'as order' for the second and third person, the verb means you are ordering/asking them to do something, for the first person, the verb means a wish.
When two verbs are together (like in "trying to find"), the last verb is the one conjugated
- nesmo - after verb and before object (if any), means the action affects the subject, the object (if any) did it
- fisme - the subject affects itself
More words to get into:
- pisdi - sub. attempt, verb to try
- xokró - sub. (game) match or game session, verb to play [a game]
- qai - tree, big plant
- qad - bush, small plant
- ahqa - edible plant, vegetable, fruit
- raja - sub. a little pain, verb to hurt lightly
- banki - sub. food, sustenance, fuel; verb to eat, to consume
ahe pisdi bankitotu qad, rajein nesmo.
min ne Sam, Tom, Bob xokrein Left 4 Dead 2.