13/Mar/2021

13/Mar/2021

Another info dump about the language of those weird South American dragons. This post is about the pronouns, some verbs and actions; The next post probably will be the writing system one.

Before understanding pronouns, we need to understand gender... grammatical gender, which doesn't [need to] have connection with social/personal gender, it's more of a classification of things that the people felt should be implied by language.

  • qarit - a non-living entity, an object (example: rocks, clouds, cups)
  • seriv - a living being in general but generally implies things that can't think (plants, fungus, simple animals)
  • sernit - a living being capable of thought (animals with a brain)
  • sernem - a living being capable of complex/civilized thought (some dragons, theoretically humans)

So, going for the pronouns

as subject as object
1st min mino only singular
2nd (s) vou (p) vouh (s) vodó (p) vodós
1st + 2nd minud :same as subject only singular
3rd (qarit) kerit- (seriv) sif- (sernit + sernem) seir- :same as subject read below for more info, only singular

The (third person) pronouns are specially used to refer to previously cited things, so they mark which thing they are referring to in their specific gender.

  • sa - last cited thing
  • si - second last
  • se - third last
  • no - fourth thing

for things 'older' than these, say it again (if it's a long compound or with many adjectives, you can just say the first noun)

In the example:
John said 'seirsa' likes trees, dogs and mushrooms, I like 'seirsa' too, Sam likes 'sifsi'.
seriv: "trees", "mushrooms"; sernem + sernit: John, dogs
So it would mean: John said John likes trees, dogs and mushrooms, I like dogs too, Sam likes trees.

  • ne - it's "and", specific for the subjects/objects, keeps the individual nouns as separate things
  • nej - same as 'ne', but joins the nouns into a single thing

When joining as a single thing, the resulting thing has the lowest of person of its parts:

  • min + (3rd person) - 1st person ("me and them")
  • vou + (3rd) - 2nd person ("you and them")
  • minud - 1st person ("me and you")
  • minud + (3rd) - 1st person ("me, you and them")
  • (3rd) + (3rd) - 3rd person ("they and them")

When joining any living beings, the resulting thing is a seriv, beings and objects seriv, objects only qarit.

Sam 'ne' the car are here, 'keritsa' is cool. keritsa = the car
Sam 'nej' the car is here, 'sifsa' is cool. sifsa = Sam and the car

Yes, I know this got quite unnecessarily complex really quickly.

Conjugation and acting on self

Verbs are always conjugated, a conjugated verb is the base word + the conjugation for its person.

normal as order
1st -ein -eihni
2nd (s) -tou (p) -toun (s/p) -totu
3rd (s/p) -ore (s/p) -olto

If the base word ends with a vowel, merge them with the rule

  • -e + e- = -a-
  • -o + o- = -u-
  • -? + e- = -e-
  • -? + o- = -o-
  • -? + t- = -?nt-

pisdi + ein - pisdein
xokró + totu - xokróntotu

The when 'as order' for the second and third person, the verb means you are ordering/asking them to do something, for the first person, the verb means a wish.

When two verbs are together (like in "trying to find"), the last verb is the one conjugated

  • nesmo - after verb and before object (if any), means the action affects the subject, the object (if any) did it
  • fisme - the subject affects itself

+

More words to get into:

  • pisdi - sub. attempt, verb to try
  • xokró - sub. (game) match or game session, verb to play [a game]
  • qai - tree, big plant
  • qad - bush, small plant
  • ahqa - edible plant, vegetable, fruit
  • raja - sub. a little pain, verb to hurt lightly
  • banki - sub. food, sustenance, fuel; verb to eat, to consume

bankeihni ahqa.
ahe pisdi bankitotu qad, rajein nesmo.
min ne Sam, Tom, Bob xokrein Left 4 Dead 2.